(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India
In The Real World
euphoria was generated at the presence of prime minister Manmohan Singh
G-8 summit held in L’Aquila, Italy.
was seen as sitting at the
world’s ‘high table’. The G-8 + G-5 summit, unfortunately, unfolded a
story as far as India
is concerned. The prime minister had a taste of the real world, where
aspirations for a permanent place on the ‘high table’ appeared more
This was true with respect to the three main issues discussed there.
first big jolt for India
came with the decision of the G-8 to adopt new rules for the transfer
nuclear enrichment and reprocessing (ENR) technologies and equipments
non-NPT signatory countries like India. This, in one stroke,
declared that the promised full civilian nuclear co-operation advocated
core of the Indo-US nuclear deal was simply not forthcoming. This
vindicates the objections to the deal raised by the CPI (M) and Left.
agreement with the US
of conditional transfer of technology to India
under the clause, “right of return” of equipment imported from the USA in the event of the US
the 123 agreement. Further, the reprocessing of spent fuel was to be
done in a
completely new safe-guarded facility, whose agreements and arrangements
to be negotiated.
India on its side is arguing that the waiver given
nuclear suppliers group (NSG) is unconditional for the transfer of such
technology and equipment. India
therefore, can access these materials from other countries like Russia and France.
This UPA 2 government
clearly continues to remain in an illusion. The NSG, in the light of
decision is now discussing new rules for the transfer of technology and
obviously under US pressure to adhere to the NPT conditionality. Thus
question mark on India’s
ability to access these technologies and equipments from either France or Russia, both being members
and NSG. Clearly US pressures on India to be signatories to
CTBT and the FMCT will now further mount. All these developments only
the apprehensions aired by the CPI (M) and the Left on the dangers for
country’s sovereignty by entering into the Indo-US nuclear deal.
the question of response to the unprecedented challenge that the world
due to climate change, the Indian position of not accepting common
emission reductions for both the developed and the developing world has
found much acceptance. India
has rightly been arguing that the developed countries will have to
carbon emissions at much higher levels than the developing countries.
is the developed countries, whose industrialisation patterns have
affected the world’s climate. Further the prime minister has correctly
mentioned that India’s
acceptance of such targets would adversely affect the growth process
very important for eliminating poverty and backwardness in the
countries. The forthcoming conference of the UN Framework Convention on
Change at Copenhagen
in December must, according to our prime minister be “ambitious,
but above all, equitable.” This means that the developed countries must
their emissions by 40 percent by 2020 while the developed countries are
to do so by 2050. The challenge thus continues to remain.
however, were expressions of niceties at the summit. President Obama
separate individual meeting with prime minister Manmohan Singh. Both
other to their countries and both accepted. President Obama also
call for urgent reforms in the United Nations. While India
seeks a place amongst the permanent members of the Security Council,
not the interpretation of “reforms” as far as the USA is
in all, India
has come face to face with the new harsh realities of the world. All
apprehensions that the CPI (M) and the Left have been voicing regarding
surrender of India’s
sovereignty, as a consequence of the Indo-US nuclear deal are being
at every step. The struggle to prevent India
from succumbing to such US
pressures and there by to protect India’s sovereignty, will
be further intensified in the days to come.